Care | standards of care (2023)

Nursing is one of the most important forms of care in medicine. Nurses act as patient advocates, keeping patients comfortable, preventing the spread of disease, and providing continuity of care between doctor visits. Nursing is provided in a variety of settings and in almost every area of ​​healthcare, from hospitals to nursing homes.

Nursing homes provide skilled care for patients who cannot live at home without 24-hour care, but who also do not need to be hospitalized. Nursing home stays can be long or short, but quality care for patients is essential to well-being, comfort and overall health.

What is grooming?

Nursing refers to a variety of nursing services provided by registered nurses, licensed practical nurses, and certified nursing assistants. The work nurses do helps keep patients healthy and comfortable, and also prevents the disease from worsening or developing. Nursing is provided in hospitals, doctor's offices, emergency clinics and residential facilities such as nursing homes. Care can also be done at home. Nursing services encompass many different things, but some examples include administering intravenous fluids, inserting and changing catheters, and wound care.

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Regardless of specialty or type of care, all nurses follow a basic nursing process that is at the core of patient care:

  • Evaluation.Caregivers first assess their patients based on all available information. This includes medical data as well as psychological, economic, lifestyle and cultural factors. Nurses can only provide the best care if they have a wide range of information about patients.
  • Diagnose.Based on the assessment, nurses then make clinical judgments about a patient's symptoms, medical condition, and needs. Diagnosis goes far beyond simply naming a disease and includes recognizing all of the patient's problems and needs.
  • Planning.The nurse then sets goals for the patient based on the assessment and clinical judgment or diagnosis. A plan is created to help the patient meet these goals, which may include reducing pain, increasing mobility, or addressing mental health needs.
  • Implementation.When a plan is in place, the nurse and care team implement the plan and track what is being done for the patient and whether goals are being met. Record keeping is critical to ensure continuity of care.
  • Evaluation.Assessment is an ongoing process by which the caregiver determines whether the patient is meeting their goals and whether the patient's needs are being met. The assessment can be used to change the plan and its implementation.

Who provides care and qualified care?

Nursing is a general term that can include very simple care, such as bathing assistance, as well as more advanced medical care. The terms nursing and skilled nursing are often used interchangeably, but skilled nursing can also refer to the work of a registered nurse that includes actual medical care.

There are different types of professionals who can provide care. Certified Nursing Assistants (CNAs) help nurses in their jobs by providing basic care such as bathing, moving patients, or administering medication. They work under the supervision of nurses and are certified upon completion of professional training. A Licensed Practical Nurse, or LPN, can provide more services than a CNA and have more training, but still cannot provide all the services of a registered nurse.

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A registered nurse is a nurse who has completed a nursing degree and is certified to provide more advanced medical services. They are also trained to perform nursing diagnostics and supervise CNAs and LPNs. Registered nurses can also continue their education to become registered nurses, midwives or anesthesiologists. These nurses can provide more advanced medical care.

Where is care provided?

Nursing provides services to patients in all medical settings: hospitals, doctor's offices and centers, community clinics, emergency clinics, emergency rooms, nursing homes, and people at home. The level of care provided at each facility depends on several factors, including the needs of the patient. A typical doctor's office may not need many nurses, while a nursing home or emergency room may need multiple nurses to care for patients with more serious medical needs.

The importance of care

Nursing is used in all medical institutions as it is a type of care that is important for the overall well-being of the patient. They are on the front lines of patient care, often evaluating and diagnosing them before a doctor is available to do the same. Nurses help make patients feel comfortable and act as their advocates. They offer both emotional and physical comfort.

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Because they spend more time with patients than with doctors, nurses can better assess patients' needs. They play an important role in preventing disease from getting worse, healing patients, and preventing the spread of infection and disease. Nursing is essential to maintaining quality health care in all areas.

Nursing homes and specialized nursing facilities

Although nursing is used in all medical facilities, inpatient nursing is one of the most important facilities for providing quality care. The terms used to describe this type of care may be a little confusing, but nursing homes and skilled nursing facilities are the same thing. The terms can be used interchangeably, but the latter is the more current term.

A nursing home is a residential facility that provides around-the-clock care and medical attention to patients in need. Nursing homes are required to have one or more registered nurses, depending on the number of patients, but may also have LPNs and CNAs, as well as unskilled nursing staff. Anyone who is in need of care but does not have to be admitted to the hospital can benefit from home care. This can include older adults and anyone with a medical condition that requires care and monitoring but does not require hospitalization. Nursing homes are not always permanent. Patients can move into assisted living or return home after recovering from illness or injury.

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home nursing

Care can also be provided at the patient's home, although this can be more expensive than home care. A home nurse can provide basic services such as bathing and mobility assistance, as well as more advanced care such as maintaining catheters or tending to healing wounds. Home care is a good option for anyone who needs more than basic assistance and personal care but doesn't want to go to a residential care facility.

choice of care

Choosing home or residential care means making a decision that could impact the quality of care your loved one receives. It's a big decision that needs to be made carefully to ensure quality services. Whether for an in-home service or a nursing home, check licenses, credentials, and experience. When choosing a nursing home, make sure you choose a state-approved facility. The Medicare website has a search tool that you can use to find and compare facilities by service, quality, and other factors.

Before making a final decision, narrow down your options based on cost, affordability, location, and services offered. Then, visit each center and meet the staff, patients, and patients' families. Ask as many questions as necessary before making a decision. Both you and your caregiver should be happy with the final decision.


Nursing is a diverse range of services offered in a wide range of medical facilities. It is an important type of care to maintain individual and public health and to help patients feel comfortable while receiving the medical attention they need. While nursing is important in all settings, it has a huge impact in nursing homes. To receive the best care possible, you must care and support your loved one, make informed decisions about care, and monitor that care over time.


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